How to Solve the Imbalance between Li-ion Battery Pack Cells?

How to Solve the Imbalance of Li-ion Battery Pack Cells

One Lithium Ion battery pack is composed of several cells connected in series and parallel; and in the process of our usage, we will encounter the situation of a power imbalance between the cells, which will accelerate the consumption of the entire battery pack’s service life if not dealt with in time. Read on to get more about balancing lithium-ion battery pack. (Mainly about the ones of 3.7v nominal cell voltage and 4.2v full cell voltage).

Why the unbalance between cells inside the battery pack?

Due to the limitations of the process conditions, lithium-ion battery pack between the cells even after selection, there is always a certain difference, after several charge and discharge cycles or long-term shelving, the internal expansion and contraction of the cells, the self-consumption of electricity will also change, between the cells will produce a large voltage difference and capacity difference, the existing protection circuit, equalization circuit and charging method, can not make the battery pack between the cells simultaneously filled, the battery pack lost balance, the battery pack capacity can not be fully developed.

Steps to Solve the Power Unbalance between the Li-ion pack cells

1, First of all, charge the entire battery pack and then float charge for 2 to 3 hours after the light is turned. If the battery pack is placed at a long-term power loss and has been unable to charge, you can directly charge across the protection plate for 10 minutes (using the discharge port charging), and then charge normally.

Wires and charger for Lipo Battery
Wires and charger for Lipo Battery

2, Unplug the protection board wires. Note that please make a good mark on the wires before unplugging. The 2 wires of the board, can not be inserted backward. Measure the voltage of the adjacent pins on the row of wires, if it is 48V, there are 16 voltages, and 60V is 20 voltages. The first string of voltages starting from the negative terminal is the voltage between the negative terminal of the battery pack and the first row of wires, and so on for the others. Find a single string with a voltage lower than 3.50V, determine the positive and negative poles, and mark it well.

3, Use a 3.6v charger, the voltage below 3.50v single string charging to 3.60 to 3.70V. But someone should be on duty to prevent overcharging resulting in battery scrap.

Note that the charger of the lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) battery pack is different from ordinary lithium-ion batteries. The maximum termination charging voltage of lithium batteries is 4.2v; while the cell of  LiFePO4 battery pack is 3.65v.

4, According to the original order to plug back into the row of wires, pay attention not to reverse the connection, install the battery, and it can be put into use again.

The Usual Maintenance Of Lithium-ion Batteries

Finally, and then share with you some of the usual maintenance of lithium-ion batteries. Because of no memory effect characteristics, each time or every day after use, the lithium-ion battery pack should be timely and regular charging; if the Lipo electric bicycle is placed for more than two months, the battery pack should be thoroughly charged once; if placed for over 5 months, carry out a charge-and-discharge cycle; Lithium-ion bicycle in the case of non-use, we should promptly turn off the power. At the same time, the battery pack when not in use should be pulled out of the battery holder and put in another place (the better temperature is below 25℃/77℉). This is because the motor and controller will still consume power under no load.

In fact, with the implementation of the new national standard, lithium-ion batteries are bound to enter a period of a blowout, and many lithium-ion products are bound to emerge. But I hope more lithium-ion companies can focus on the product itself, to improve the added value of the product, then the lithium-ion battery will be more popular with users.

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